Barcelona as a cultural center
Barcelona is without doubt one of the major cultural centers of Spain. Throughout the year, plenty of festivals and celebrations are organized. Barcelona has many historical and architectural monuments included in the list of world cultural heritage, and a large number of museums.
Barcelona has always been known for its cultural life, where some of the best writers, architects, poets, scientists, not only Spanish, but from the whole world, have worked.
This is the city of the notable architect Gaudi. 14 of his 18 creations are located in Barcelona, all of them worthy of close attention. For example, in Guell Park, with its phantasmagoric landscapes, you can sit on the longest and most comfortable bench in the world. Furthermore, you will not regret visiting the Sagrada Familia, which is still unfinished, Casa Batlló with its unusual columns and balconies, and Casa Mila, more commonly known as "La Pedrera", among other monuments left as a cultural legacy by this great man.
Today, Barcelona rivals any city in the world thanks to its infinite variety of spontaneous manifestations of cultural life in all the squares and streets of the city.
One of the city’s curiosities is “La Rambla”, a peculiar outdoor laboratory of art, where artists exhibit their works, perform, do pantomime, dance and delight us with their music.
Catalonia and its capital, Barcelona, are rightly proud of its rich musical traditions such as “El Palau de la Música Catalana”, made by the modernist architect Lluis Domenech i Montaner, and which has become a cultural symbol proclaimed Heritage Humanity by UNESCO. Classic music has been represented by composers such as Enrique Granados, Isaac Albeniz, Shaber Montsalvatdzhe and Robert Gerhard.
Catalonia has given great artists of different musical gender to the world, like the dancer Carmen Amaya, the Flamenco singers Miguel Poveda and Ginesa Ortega and the Jazz pianists Tete Montol and Agusti Fernandez.
Flamenco is a show of folkloric song and dance that has become a symbol of Spain and has found lovers and followers from all around the world. This fusion between music and rhythm is not only a musical gender, it is a way of life. It is the result of an incredible mixture of European and Asian cultures, which have left their mark, their pain and blood, and their musical traditions on the beautiful land of Spain. The famous Spanish poet Federico García Lorca called Flamenco the most magnificent achievement of the Spanish people.
Annually, music festivals are usually celebrated in famous places because of their historic or cultural monuments like the “Castillo de Perelada” or the outdoor amphitheater, "Teatro Griego", on the hill of Montjuic in Barcelona, or the street theater in the city of Tarrega.
Barcelona opens its doors to new genres of music as well as Jazz Fusion, Avant-garde, World Music, etc. An example of this is the Sónar festival – an experimental music festival, which has acquired great prestige on a European scale.
The art of theater in Catalonia has its roots in the medieval period. Its prestige was strengthened thanks to the exceptional playwrights and actors. In Barcelona, there are several world-famous theaters: “el Teatre Nacional de Catalunya”, “el Teatre Lliure” and “L'Auditori”. Among the most prestigious theaters in Europe is “Teatre Liceu”, an opera house, where Spanish performances are alternated with shows of artistic tours from the main European theaters. This allows spectators to appreciate the best opera, modern ballet companies and simultaneously it allows them to follow the progress of the local opera stars who continue with the tradition like Montserrat Caballé, Jaume Aragall, Josep Pons or Josep Carreras.